Glossary of IVF Medical Terminology you need to know in 2021

Best IVF Centre In Hyderabad

It’s a great joy to welcome your baby! As miracles of natural births by twins, triplets and quadruplets and more have been happening, did you know couples are opting for infertility treatment in Hyderabad by various proven fertility treatment methods to give birth to biological children.

Recognized as best IVF Centre In Hyderabad, Dr.Padmaja IVF Infertility Centre is a reputed and successfully established clinic serving many couple to bear children by different medically recommended methods and services and these include – IVF, IUI, ICSI, surrogacy, maternity, Laser Hatching, PGD/PGS Genetic tests, embryo donation, HSG/Laparoscopy/Hysteroscopy, Egg (Ocyte) donation, andrology, TESA/PESA, Blastocyst culture, Semen Banking, Test Tube Baby Centre.

Must Read: What is the connection between Celiac disease and Infertility

As the Infertility medical term is slightly difficult to understand from the point of view of a common man, let’s find out more and discuss various fertility and infertility treatment terms and how they work. 

As these are mostly medically termed, some of them are abbreviations and acronyms.

Abortion, Spontaneous: Loss of pregnancy by any cause before 20 weeks of gestation.

Adhesion: Scar tissue that abnormally attaches to internal organs – fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, uterus and adhesions limit the movement of organs thereby causing infertility and pain.

American Society of Reproductive Medicine(ASRM): (formerly the American Fertility Society or AFS) Large organization serving as a platform for new ideas, education and innovation in fertility and reproductive medicine.

Amniocentesis: A procedure done in the second trimester of pregnancy to detect fetal abnormalities. 

Aspiration: Removal of fluid and cells through a needle. This technique is applied as a procedure in reproductive medicine.

Assisted Hatching (AH): A small opening as a “shell” surrounds every embryo. This is done by embryologists in the lab prior to embryo transfer in IVF cycles.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies(ART): A set of fertility therapies performed on the oocyte (egg) and sperm in the laboratory to establish a successful pregnancy. They include – JVF, ICSI, donor egg cycles, assisted hatching, and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and others.

Beta HCG: Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

Capacitation: A process in which sperm undergoes to fertilize an oocyte (egg).

Chemical Pregnancy: This is a positive pregnancy test. It is a pregnancy that has low beta hCG levels with a decline for further development.

Cleavage: Division of one cell made into 2, 2 into 4, 4 into 8, etc. to measure in the embryology laboratory during IVF cycles.

Cervical Factor: This is an infertility medical term where due to structural or hormonal abnormality of 

Glossary of Fertility Terms 2021

Fertility Terminology – Clinical Pregnancy: A pregnancy wherein Fetal heart beat is identified by ultrasound.

Clomiphene Citrate (Clomid TM or Serophene TM): This is an oral medication used to stimulate the ovaries and/or synchronize follicle development.

Corpus Luteum: A special gland that forms from the ovulated follicle in the ovary. 

Cryopreservation: Controlled freezing and storage for sperm, embryos and oocytes (eggs).

Medical Term For Egg Retrieval – Donor Egg Cycle: The use of donor eggs from an anonymous donor are harvested via an IVF cycle previously performed on the donor.

Ivf Terminology – Donor Embryo Transfer: The transfer of embryos resulting from the oocyte (egg) and sperm of another patient, who may be anonymous or known, to an otherwise infertile recipient

Fertility Terms And Abbreviations

Embryo Transfer: This is a procedure for transferring the embryos back into the endometrial cavity (womb) through IVF cycle.

Glossary of Fertility Terminology

Fallopian Tube: The anatomic and physiologic connection between the uterus and the ovary. This serves as a transporter to transport the oocyte (egg) and sperm.  It also helps to fertilize and support the uterus.

Center for Reproductive Medicine –  Fertilization: A stage where sperm unites with an oocyte (egg) to facilitate creation of a genetically unique embryo.

Gestation: Pregnancy. Gonadotropin: Hormones that stimulate the ovary.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG): A hormone of early pregnancy monitored to determine viability of the gestation. This hormone is also used as an injection to induce ovulation and maturation of the oocyte (egg).

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): An x-ray procedure to examine the fallopian tube. This test helps in checking the tubes if these are blocking the sperm from reaching the ovulated eggs through the fallopian tubes.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): Placing a single sperm into a single oocyte (egg) by penetrating the outer coatings of the egg. This technique is used in cases where there are very low sperm numbers. ICSI is also used in patients who had previous IVF cycles.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): is a technique that transfers sperm directly into the uterus.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): This is a very powerful procedure to help patients conceive pregnancies. IVF is a process to stimulate ovaries to develop multiple follicles. This is achieved with injectable medications. The goal of IVF is to produce a large number of growing follicles. This is followed by harvesting the eggs.

Oocyte: The female germ cell often called an egg.

Ovary: The female reproductive function  to release oocytes.

Ovulation: The release of a mature egg.

Ovum (ova or egg): Mature oocytes.

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD): A technique for identifying genetic or chromosomal information about embryos.After testing, these are transferred back to a patient’s womb. (endometrial cavity).

Testicular/Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (TESA): The surgical removal of sperm directly from the testis or the epididymis using a needle for aspiration. This procedure is used for men who have no sperm. Sperm obtained through TESA requires ICSI to ensure fertilization of the oocyte (egg).

Ultrasound: High frequency sound waves that can be used painlessly, safely, and without radiation. This test helps to view the internal portions of the body. Ultrasound is especially used for visualizing the female reproductive organs and pregnancies.

Unexplained Infertility: Inability to identify the cause of infertility even after a complete evaluation.

Uterus: Womb. The reproductive organ that protects and nourishes the developing embryo and fetus.