Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Causes And Treatment?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs, primarily the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is usually caused by bacteria that ascend from the vagina or cervix into the upper reproductive tract. Here’s an overview of the causes and treatment options for PID:


  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): 
  • The most common cause of PID is untreated or inadequately treated STIs, particularly chlamydia and gonorrhea. These infections can spread from the cervix to the upper reproductive organs, leading to inflammation and infection.
  • Bacterial vaginosis (BV): 
  • Although less common, an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina known as bacterial vaginosis can increase the risk of developing PID.
  • Other bacteria: 
  • In rare cases, PID can also be caused by bacteria that are normally found in the vagina, such as those associated with normal vaginal flora. These bacteria can become pathogenic and cause infection under certain circumstances.

Risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing PID include having multiple sexual partners, a history of STIs, recent childbirth or abortion, insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD), and douching.


  • Antibiotic therapy: 
  • Prompt treatment with antibiotics is essential to effectively manage PID. The specific antibiotics prescribed will depend on the severity of the infection, the presence of any underlying STIs, and individual patient factors. 
  • A combination of antibiotics that target a broad spectrum of bacteria is often prescribed to cover both common STIs and anaerobic bacteria. It’s crucial to complete the full course of antibiotics, even if symptoms improve, to ensure complete eradication of the infection.
  • Hospitalization: 
  • In severe cases of PID or when outpatient treatment is not possible, hospitalization may be required. This is especially true if there are complications, such as abscess formation or signs of systemic illness.
  • Treatment of sexual partners: 
  • To prevent reinfection and the spread of STIs, it is important for sexual partners to be evaluated and treated if necessary. This helps ensure that the infection is fully resolved and reduces the risk of recurrent PID.
  • Pain management: Pain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may be recommended to alleviate pelvic pain associated with PID. Bed rest and the application of heat to the lower abdomen may also provide some relief.
  • Follow-up care:
  • It is crucial to schedule follow-up appointments with the healthcare provider to monitor the response to treatment, evaluate for any complications, and retest for STIs after completion of antibiotic therapy.

Early detection and treatment of PID are vital to prevent complications such as chronic pelvic pain, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and pelvic adhesions. If you suspect you may have PID or are experiencing symptoms such as pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal discharge, painful urination, or fever, it’s important to seek medical attention promptly.

Free IVF treatment in India

In India, there are certain government initiatives and programs aimed at providing financial assistance or free IVF treatment to eligible individuals or couples. 

Here are some important points to consider regarding free IVF treatment in India:

  • Government schemes: 
  • Some state governments in India have introduced schemes to provide financial assistance or free IVF treatment to couples who meet specific criteria. These programs often target individuals or couples from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, with the aim of increasing access to infertility treatments.
  • Eligibility criteria: 
  • The eligibility criteria for free IVF treatment can vary depending on the specific government scheme or program. Generally, the criteria may include factors such as income level, age, duration of infertility, number of previous unsuccessful attempts, and the absence of living children. It is important to thoroughly research and understand the specific requirements of each program to determine if you meet the eligibility criteria.
  • Application process: 
  • The process for applying for free IVF treatment under government schemes usually involves submitting an application along with the necessary supporting documents. The applications are typically evaluated, and eligible candidates are selected based on the predefined criteria. It is important to follow the guidelines provided by the respective government authorities and submit the application within the specified timelines.
  • Availability and waiting lists: 
  • The availability of free IVF treatment may be limited, and there could be waiting lists due to high demand. It is advisable to inquire with the concerned government authorities or fertility clinics participating in the program to get information about the availability, waiting periods, and any other relevant details.
  • Other financial assistance options:
  •  In addition to government schemes, some fertility clinics in India offer their own financial assistance programs or discounted treatment packages to help make IVF more affordable for patients. These options can vary between clinics, so it’s important to research and inquire about such programs when exploring IVF treatment options.

It’s important to note that the availability and details of free IVF treatment programs can change over time. It is recommended to directly contact the relevant government authorities or fertility clinics to obtain the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding any specific programs or financial assistance options for IVF treatment in India.

Cost of IVF treatment India is not very expensive, but it is made affordable for couples who would like to have children with IVF. As there are a growing number of parents who are choosing to go for IVF,  cost IVF treatment India is kept at low and this is also one of the best reasons to keep the minimum cost for IVF treatment in India.