What Can The Fertility Rate Mean?

Raj and Rama were married for five years now and have been putting efforts to conceive for a successful pregnancy. But they were unable to. What is the solution for such a couple? Where do they go? These are a few questions that come up in the minds of young couples who are planning to become parents.  Though it is a biological function, it is very important to know how it works medically for couples to understand the science behind the birth of a newborn. The truth is, in spite of medical advancements with Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART) IVF treatments have been vastly successful in the process of newborns, the natural conception of pregnancy and natural birth continue to be in dominance and couple have a better scope to ensure their health and lifestyle. But how to keep up with that and what are the available sources to naturally give birth to newborns by improving the fertility, if it is required to be that way.

In this blog post, we are going to discuss, more about the fertility rate, and what it means for a successful pregnancy and delivering a healthy newborn.  

There are many problems associated with the fertility rate and these are widely spread across the globe. 

Let’s keep a check on some of the real stories of the fertility rate.

There you notice the fertility rate issues are prevailing in China, Europe, India, and other parts of Asia. What can we do about it?

There may be economic, social, cultural, or medical reasons for such deterioration in total fertility rate in each country.

These have to be dealt with at the national level by providing resources of healthcare to improve the health of men and women.

What does the total fertility rate mean?

The total fertility rate (TFR) of a population = Average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime (if she would live from her birth until the end of her reproductive life). 

General fertility rate

General fertility rate (GFR) is explained as the total number of live births per thousand among the female population during their reproductive age.

The general fertility rate is achieved by = total number of live births the total mid-year female popular in a given year/number of women aged 15 to 44 * 1000.

Historic view of global total fertility rate

The total fertility rate on a global level has been declining rapidly since the 1960s. The estimated effective global fertility rate is 2.3 in the 2020s, but it is also predicted that this would stabilize world population sometime during the period 2050-2070.

Based on the above estimations, collectively analyzed, it implies that the population of this plant will reach zero growth sometime in the second half of this century and it is going a major milestone for humanity. 

United Nations has divided the world into six geographic regions and the table below shows the estimated Total Fertility Rate for each. 

Low fertility Rate

Low fertility rate factors are generally associated with low income, lifestyle and attitude changes, lack of proper knowledge and education, contraception methods, partner reluctance to have children, low level of gender equality, and infertility. 

Women health care

You are required to maintain a healthy weight as being overweight or underweight can prevent normal ovulation. 

Stay safe from sexually transmitted infections.

Avoid night shift work as it increases the risk of infertility and may even affect hormone production.

It is also important to stay safe from stress and consider minimizing stress and practice healthy coping methods such as relaxation techniques.

Female infertility

Female fertility is a woman’s ability to conceive a newborn to give birth to her own biological child. Ovulation disorders which affect the release of eggs from ovaries, cervical abnormalities, blockage in fallopian tube or endometriosis or any other can cause infertility. 

Being happy and cheerful in your marital life is also very important as this levels up your emotional health. Staying cheerful both at home and outside and keeping a healthy family relations make a lot of difference on your health and this is an important aspect for your health to get successfully pregnant. 

Men health care

Too little sperm makes it more difficult to get pregnant as there are few candidates available to fertilize the egg. 

Men are fertile if at least 40% of their sperm is on the move to fertilize an egg through a woman’s cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. 

While sperm quantity or movement is not an important factor, having more sperm with normal shape and structure, men are more likely to be fertile. 

What causes male fertility problems

Various medical issues contribute to male fertility problems and some of these are:

  • Testicular disease
  • Sperm transport disorders
  • An issue in the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland – where the parts of the brain signal to produce testosterone and sperm.

Age also plays a role in the movement of sperm and proportion of normal sperm is likely to decrease with age, affecting fertility, especially after the age of 50.

Tips to produce healthy sperm

  • Maintain a healthy weight as some research suggests that increasing Body Mass Index (BMI) is associated with the decrease in sperm count and sperm movement.
  • Maintain a healthy diet by adding plenty of fruits and vegetables which are rich in antioxidants and this might help in improving health.
  • Stay safe from sexually transmitted infections
  • Stress can decrease sexual function as it interferes with the hormones needed to produce sperm.
  • Physical activity increases the levels of powerful antioxidant enzymes which help protect sperm. 


With various issues associated with fertility rate among men and women, it is important to ensure to seek the fertility specialists – Dr.Padmaja IVF to find the best treatment to resolve fertility issues and opt for the best treatments available and one of these is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). With many successful IVF treatments already done,  Dr.Padmaja IVF fertility center performs a wide scope of ART treatments that achieve success to have your own child.