What is assisted reproductive techniques?

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How to understand assisted reproductive technology services? It can be understood as a technology used to attain pregnancy through the usage of procedures such as IVF, artificial insemination and surrogacy. 

Assisted reproductive techniques help in handling infertility. According to WHO (World Health Organization) infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after more than a year without the use of contraception.

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Sometimes, infertility is seen among both men and women. However, ART has the procedures such as ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection), IVF (In vitro fertilization) cryopreservation of embryos, use of fertility medication etc., 

Research in assisted reproductive technologies has a detailed process to explain the procedure and this is done by extracting eggs from a woman’s body and then another process to generate embryos. This embryo is further transferred back into the woman’s body.

One of the most common in practice is IVF (Invitro fertilization) which is based on this principle. Other ART techniques also use donor eggs, donor sperms and embryos that have been frozen previously. 

Assisted reproductive technologies procedures are very delicate and only with specialized knowledge, every procedure must be administered and you as a couple may have to be extra careful to overcome some challenges and complications.

With the help of assisted reproductive technology services infertility problems among men and women can be handled separately with the availability of vast treatments.

Assisted reproductive technology has grown massively and there’s also continuous research to make better improvements on the current technologies that improve reproductive health and treatments.

ART includes all fertility treatments such as – In vitro fertilization (IVF), Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and artificial insemination. As each fertility treatment takes a procedure, this is another different medical advanced technology in the area of reproductive health. 

It involves specialized doctors, equipment, skilled staff and others who help couples carefully to go through the procedure. ART procedures involve surgically and some of these are available in IVF treatment. 

With extreme measures of care Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is done which is explained as a procedure in which a single sperm cell is injected directly into the cytoplasm of an egg.

These reproductive procedures are exclusively arranged for men and women differently. Depending on each case study, analyzing the infertility with examination and medical procedures, a conclusion is reached thereafter which ART procedure is selected.

Vitro fertilization-embryo transfer is for women who are facing the inability of the ovary to produce eggs and this is also called PCOS. 

If the quality of uterine lining such as endometriosis where the womb tissue causes damage to the adjacent reproductive tissues.

Advanced maternal age sometimes decreases the quality of a woman’s egg that limits the chances to conceive.


Therefore, the system of reproductive health research is vast and there’s every possibility to analyze and examine every case of infertility and find out the root cause to come up with various treatment methods.